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アメリカ合衆国の国歌(National anthem of the United States)

1812年、米英戦争で、アメリカの弁護士フランシス・スコット・キー(Francis Scott Key)はメリーランドのボルチモア港に於けるマクヘンリー砦の攻防戦の最中、イギリス船に拘束されていました。夜明けに星条旗がまだはためいていたのを見て奮い立ち、合衆国の勝利を祝う詩を書きました。彼の詩、「マクヘンリー砦の守り」 は後にイギリス人作曲家のジョン・スタフォード・スミスによって作曲された「天国のアナクレオン」の歌詞となり、「星条旗」(The Star-Spangled Banner) という曲として知られていましたが、1931年にアメリカ合衆国の国歌に採用されました。

星条旗(The Star Spangled Banner)

O say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watch'd, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there.
O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore dimly seen thro' the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty holt in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream:
'Tis the star-spangled banner: O, long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion,
A home and a countrv should leave us no more?
Their blood has wash'd out their foul footsteps' pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

O thus be it ever when free-men shall stand
Between their lov'd home and the war's desolation;
Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land
Praise the Pow'r that hath made and preserv'd us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust!"
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free und the home of the brave!